Glucose Random (RBS), Sodium Fluoride Plasma
- Reporting Time:
- 6 Hrs
- Specimen Type:
- Home Collection:
- No special preparation required
Parameters Covered in the above test : 1
To screen for and diagnose diabetes and prediabetes and to monitor for high blood glucose (hyperglycemia) or low blood glucose (hypoglycemia). The test helps screen a symptomatic/ asymptomatic person who is at risk for Diabetes. It is also used for regular monitoring of glucose levels in people with Diabetes.
It is done as routine screening test, in pregnancy to ruleout gestational diabetes, and regular monitoring of glucose levels in diabetics.
The blood glucose test may be used to detect high and low blood glucose levels. It is a simple test to assess carbohydrate metabolism in diabetes mellitus. Measurement of blood glucose is indicative of current state of carbohydrate metabolism since glucose is rapidly metabolised in the body. It is used as a screening test for diabetes before signs and symptoms are apparent, help diagnose diabetes, prediabetes and gestational diabetes and to monitor glucose levels in people diagnosed with diabetes. Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disorders of carbohydrate metabolism in which glucose is under used, producing hyperglycemia. As it progresses, patients are at an increased risk for the development of specific complications including Diabetic retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy and atherosclerosis. This test measures the level of glucose in the blood at any given point of time.
1. Can glucose levels be tested in urine instead of blood?
It ca ot be done in most cases, as glucose levels are detected in urine only when the glucose levels in the blood are in sufficiently high levels or if there is renal damage.
2. What is the treatment for diabetes?
There are two types of diabetes: type I and II. For type I diabetes, insulin injections are given. For type II diabetes, life style modifications such as weight loss, healthy diet that is rich in fiber and restricted in carbohydrates, and exercise may be enough to lower blood glucose levels. In some cases however oral medications are necessary.
3. What are the symptoms of hypoglycemia?
Symptoms of hypoglycaemia include confusion, dizziness, hunger, headaches, weakness, sweating, anxiety, oral numbness and seizures & coma in severe cases.
4. What are the complications of diabetes mellitus?
Complications of diabetes mellitus include diabetic retinopathy leading to blindness, diabetic nephropathy leading to renal failure or diabetic neuropathy causing nerve damage and atherosclerosis which may result in stroke, gangrene, or coronary artery disease.