HDL Cholesterol, Serum
- Reporting Time:
- 6 Hrs
- Specimen Type:
- Home Collection:
- It is recommended that the person fasting for at least 10-12 hours before the test. Person is advised not to eat or drink anything except water prior to the test
Parameters Covered in the above test : 1
To assess the risk of developing a heart disease and to monitor its treatment
As a screening test when no risk factors are present and to monitoring at regular intervals when risk factors are present. When high risk levels are present in the prior results and to monitor the effectiveness of treatment.
The lipid profile is used to assess the risk of developing a heart disease and to monitor its treatment. Lipids are fats and fat-like substances which are important constituents of cells and are rich sources of energy. It is necessary to monitor and maintain healthy levels of these lipids to stay healthy. The results of the lipid profile are evaluated along with other known risk factors associated with heart disease to plan and monitor treatment. Treatment options like lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise or lipid-lowering medications such as statins may be considered depending on the values of the lipid profile. A lipid profile typically includes total cholesterol, high density lipoproteins (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL), chylomicrons, triglycerides, very low density lipoproteins (VLDL), Cholesterol/HDL ratio. HDL-C is called good cholesterol as it removes the excess cholesterol from tissues and carries it to the liver.
1. What is the plan of treatment if lipid levels are unhealthy?
lifestyle modifications are necessary to maintain healthy lipid levels. A diet low in saturated fat and trans unsaturated fats, avoiding smoking, controlling hypertension and diabetes, and moderate exercise. Drug therapy may be initiated on the basis of the results of the lipid profile.
2. Why is HDL cholesterol called good cholesterol?
HDL-C is called good cholesterol as it removes the excess cholesterol from tissues and carries it to the liver.
3. What are the sources of HDL cholesterol?
Olive oil, beans and legume, whole grains, high fiber foods, fatty fish, flax seed and oil, nuts, soy, avocado etc, are good sources of HDL.