- Reporting Time:
- 6 Hrs
- Specimen Type:
- Home Collection:
- No special preparation required
In women to help investigate for galactorrhea (unexplained flow of breast milk), abnormal nipple discharge, amenorrhea (absence of menstrual periods), and/or infertility. In men, to diagnose the cause of decreased libido, erectile dysfunction, to detect and to monitor prolactin-producing pituitary tumor.
When there are symptoms like galactorrhea, visual disturbances, and headaches which suggest increased prolactin levels. To evaluate infertility, the low testosterone level in men and to detect recurrence of a prolactinoma.
Prolactin is produced by the pituitary gland which helps to initiate and maintain breast milk production. Prolactin levels are tested to determine the cause of galactorrhea, evaluate infertility and erectile dysfunction in men, evaluate menstrual irregularities or infertility in women. Prolactin levels also help to diagnose prolactinomas and to monitor their treatment and recurrence and to evaluate anterior pituitary gland function or pituitary disorders.
1. What are additional tests done to evaluate increased prolactin levels in blood?
Testosterone, FSH, and LH, MRI of the brain and an eye examination.
2. How are prolactinomas treated?
Prolactinomas may be treated medically with dopamine (such as bromocriptine or cabergoline). Surgery is required for large prolactinomas that are not responding to treatment.
3. What is macroprolactin?
Macroprolactin is inactive prolactin. It does not indicate the presence of disease if its levels are elevated.