- Reporting Time:
- 6 Hrs
- Specimen Type:
- Home Collection:
- No special preparation required
In women to help investigate for galactorrhea (unexplained flow of breast milk), abnormal nipple discharge, amenorrhea (absence of menstrual periods), and/or infertility. In men, to diagnose the cause of decreased libido, erectile dysfunction, to detect and to monitor prolactin-producing pituitary tumor.
When there are symptoms like galactorrhea, visual disturbances, and headaches which suggest increased prolactin levels. To evaluate infertility, the low testosterone level in men and to detect recurrence of a prolactinoma.
1. What are additional tests done to evaluate increased prolactin levels in blood?
Testosterone, FSH, and LH, MRI of the brain and an eye examination.
2. How are prolactinomas treated?
Prolactinomas may be treated medically with dopamine (such as bromocriptine or cabergoline). Surgery is required for large prolactinomas that are not responding to treatment.
3. What is macroprolactin?
Macroprolactin is inactive prolactin. It does not indicate the presence of disease if its levels are elevated.